Last updated: October 5, 2019

Merging several PDF files and combining different files into a PDF are common document-related tasks on Windows. Sometimes you would need to join two or more PDF documents. Or combine several Word documents or JPEG images into a single compact PDF.

In this article we will guide you through various ways to merge PDF, so you can choose the best option for you. Let's take a closer look!

How to combine multiple PDF files

The methods described below work both for joining several PDFs together and merging files in different formats into a single PDF – so you get a multipage PDF document as a result. DOC, DOCX, XLS, XLSX, PPT, PPTX, XPS, image files (JPG, PNG, TIFF, DCX) and many other filetypes can be merged & combined to the PDF format.

How to merge PDF for free – a simple way

One of the most basic ways to merge PDF files for casual users is to use a standalone desktop application. DocuFreezer is a free PDF merge tool with simple settings. It doesn't require Internet connection, so you can work with your documents anywhere. DocuFreezer's easy-to-use interface makes PDF merging or splitting a matter of seconds.

Merge .pdf (PDF) files into one with DocuFreezer – free PDF merger

DocuFreezer can both merge files in various formats into one PDF and join PDFs together. This software easily converts several files to PDF in one go, so all you have to do is just add files into the list, select output format and click 'Start'. In the Settings, go to Multipage and select Merge into one PDF.

Please note, that files added to the list are joined together in the same order as arranged in the list - from the first to the last one. In other words, the resulting multipage PDF will contain your documents as pages. Multipage options are available for TIFF format as well – the program can both split and merge multipage PDFs or TIFFs.

Watch this short video to learn how DocuFreezer can combine several PDFs and save them to a merged PDF file

Moreover, DocuFreezer can merge files into one PDF, split PDF files into pages and add pages to existing PDF.

DocuFreezer is free for non-commercial purposes and is also available as a paid version for business purposes.

Step-by-step instruction

Download DocuFreezer

How to merge two PDF files – with a virtual printer

If you need to combine just two PDF files, Universal Document Converter looks like a simple solution. It offers more file processing options than DocuFreezer – you can set up output file image quality, color mode, file compression, data structure (e.g. bitmapped or searchable PDF), password protection, crop & resize options and more. This virtual printer can combine several documents into a single PDF or combine image files into a single PDF.

Use Universal Document Converter as a PDF merger

The program basically works like a file converter, the only difference is that it is installed in your system as a printer. In order to merge two PDF files, go to File Format > Multipage > Append all documents to the existing file. Please note, that the new file must have the same filename as the existing one.

One of the drawbacks of Universal Document Converter is that it is not very convenient for merging multiple PDFs, since you'll need to manually open a PDF file and select to which one it should be appended to.

Step-by-step instruction

How to combine multiple PDF files – in batch mode

However, if you want to merge more than two PDF files, use Universal Document Converter together with Print Conductor – these tools will automate the whole process:

Join multiple PDF files with a virtual printer
Step-by-step instruction

Download UDC

How to merge images and documents into one PDF

How to merge images and documents into one PDF

Did you know? Not only you can combine PDF files, but also Word, Excel, PowerPoint, Web pages, DjVu, Outlook e-mails, Visio, AutoCAD and other different document and image types! For example, you can easily merge JPEGs to PDF using any software described in this article: DocuFreezer, Universal Document Converter + Print Conductor, FolderMill or 2PDF.

Merging PDF Online

"This online service is safe and secure", "Your files are absolutely safe on our servers and will not be forwarded to third parties", "All data uploaded is deleted after 1 hour" - online services promise you they will never use your data once they get it from you. Online file converters with PDF merge feature are available in one click, for free and wherever you want. Just google "merge pdf online" and you'll find a lot. This method seems to be very convenient, but with just one remark: use it, if you are okay with the fact that someone may see and do whatever they want with your uploaded files. We suggest that you do not upload sensitive content such as bank statements, contracts, bills - anything which should stay confidential. Better install an offline software for this task, just to be on the safe side.

More importantly make sure you do not share any personal data of another individual when uploading files to online file converters. Otherwise you may need to have an appropriate Data Processing Agreement with the online conversion service you're using. Failure to have in place a suitable Data Processing Agreement is a breach of the law under General Data Protection Regulation (the “GDPR”). The GDPR does not generally allow one person to give consent on behalf of another.

Advanced ways to merge PDF

There are some other peculiar cases on joining PDFs or merging other files into a PDF. More ways to combine & merge PDF files are described below - you can do it with Hot Folders (input and output folders), from Command Prompt, on schedule or with a script. You can also add pages to the beginning or the end of existing PDF.

Combining multiple PDF files automatically – using Hot Folders

If you're looking for a flexible and superior solution to control file conversion, try FolderMill. It converts files to PDF or image format in real time with the use of so-called Hot Folders. You can set incoming and output folders and configure a Hot Folder specifically for PDF merging. Hot Folders may be shared within an office network. When you or your colleagues place documents or images into the Hot Folders, the new files are instantly converted and added to an existing PDF or TIFF. The output merged PDF files will appear in the output folder.

Convert and merge .pdf documents in real time with FolderMill

FolderMill can convert, print documents and images and perform other document-related tasks e.g. filter, copy, rename files or add a watermark. This software can process incoming files 24/7, and processing takes place in real time.

Step-by-step instruction

Download FolderMill

How to add files to the beginning or the end of existing PDF

Sometimes it is necessary to append new files to the end of existing PDF, or insert them to the beginning. You can e.g. add a cover page, a back cover page, or add a blank page in the beginning or the end of your document with these programs:


Appending and prepending pages to existing PDF or TIFF is possible with DocuFreezer. Just arrange your files in the list in a certain order – e.g. a cover page goes first, then goes the main document (existing PDF), and a back cover page goes last. Then select Multipage > Merge into one PDF and click Start.


In FolderMill Hot Folder Action parameters, select either of these multipage options available for Convert to PDF action:

  • Append to existing PDF file (Merge files with existing PDF – add new pages to the end)
  • Insert before existing PDF file (Merge files with existing PDF – add new pages to the beginning)
Joining PDF with FolderMill - insert new files before or after existing PDF

Thus, new files arriving into the Hot Folder will be appended to existing PDF. Make sure that both files have the same filename; if they don't - add Rename document action before Convert to PDF action. To take even more control, you can specify which page should always go first. See this short video tutorial to find out how:

Merging multiple files into PDF from a command line

If you want to merge PDF files from your own software or launch PDF merging from a script, try 2PDF. It works from Windows Command Prompt (or PowerShell). This utility is more focused on advanced users, system administrators and other "IT guys", since it can be e.g. integrated into existing IT infrastructure. However, it works pretty simple:

  1. Create input and output folders on your computer  
  2. Place the files you wish to convert and merge to PDF and
  3. Execute this command in the Command Prompt:
2pdf.exe -src "C:\Input\*.*" -dst "C:\Output" -pdf multipage:append -options template:Combined.pdf
2PDF - console utility that merges Acrobat PDF or image files into one single PDF

The program will take your files and combine them into a multipage PDF in the same order as they are sorted in your input folder. If you want to make a strict order, it is possible to convert files from a list of file destinations saved in Notepad.

2PDF doesn't have graphical interface, but it has simple standard commands and flexible conversion parameters.

How to schedule PDF merging to run automatically at a certain time

2PDF can also be a time saver if you need to merge many files into one PDF periodically, for example, on a daily or weekly basis, at a predetermined time. All you need to do is:

  1. Install 2PDF
  2. Create input and output folders on your computer
  3. Input this command in a text file opened in Notepad: 2pdf.exe -src "C:\Input\*.*" -dst "C:\Output" -pdf multipage:append -options template:Combined.pdf
  4. Save the text file as a script by changing extension from .txt to .bat
  5. Schedule running the .bat file in Windows Task Scheduler

Download 2PDF

How to merge files into a single print job before printing

Merging documents can also be very useful when it comes to printing them. Here's an example from a user:

"I need to find out if there's a way that I can print multiple documents without getting mixed up with other users using the same printer? For example, If I print 100 documents via Print Conductor and another user is printing on the same printer. Some of the other users' print jobs gets in the middle of my print jobs."

Printing multiple files in one print job can really help since there could be hundreds of files coming to the same office printer from different people. It is important that they are printed as one print job so that other documents aren't printed in the middle of them. This way, you can avoid concurrent printing by multiple users. Try these methods:

Using GUI application 

  1. Download and install DocuFreezer
  2. Arrange files in the right order in DocuFreezer's List of files
  3. Convert them into a single PDF (using Merge into one PDF)
  4. Open and print the resultant PDF 

Using command line tools

  1. Download and install 2Printer
  2. Download and install 2PDF
  3. Use these types of scripts to use 2PDF to combine files and then 2Printer to print the combined PDF as a single print job:
2pdf.exe -src "C:\Input\*.*" -dst "D:\out" -pdf multipage:append combine:"combined.pdf"
2printer.exe -s "D:\Out\combined.pdf" -prn "[printer name]"

This approach can:

  • speed up printing when PDF printing is slow (since only one document is printed instead of many and print spooler service gets less loaded)
  • help in printing multiple files without interruption, i.e. print jobs from other users in network don't get mixed
  • print documents in a custom order (at the stage of converting them to PDF)

About PDF

Portable Document Format (.pdf), developed by Adobe, has become one of the Internet’s defining information tools with its ability to preserve data in its original form. PDF ensures that the file doesn't lose its visual quality after being sent to another person. This media container is very popular since PDF files can be opened on most devices and different operational systems. Within a PDF there can be in a wide range of content: texts, images, spreadsheets, diagrams, email messages and more.

We tried to come up with different useful solutions for combining and merging PDF files. If you have any questions left or if you know more tips on the topic - please drop us a line or two, and we'll update this guide.